Signs and Symptoms of KIT+ GIST: Signs to Be Aware of
Where does KIT+ GIST occur?
GIST can occur anywhere along the GI tract. Approximately 60% of KIT+ GISTs are found in the stomach; 25% in the small intestine; 5% in the rectum; 2% in the esophagus; and 5% in other locations including the appendix, gallbladder, and pancreas.
What are the symptoms of KIT+ GIST?
The most common symptoms of GIST are abdominal discomfort or pain and bleeding into the intestinal tract. The bleeding may appear as dark or black bowel movements. The bleeding may result in anemia (low blood cell counts), and this in turn may manifest as tiredness or shortness of breath.
Nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, and weight loss may also be present.
GIST symptoms may not be apparent until the tumors become a certain size or grow in a certain location.
Diagnosing KIT+ GIST, and Why It's Sometimes Misdiagnosed
How is KIT+ GIST diagnosed?
A test for GIST, known as KIT staining, is the most reliable way to make an accurate diagnosis.
95% of GISTs stain positive for KIT, making it the most common tumor marker for the illness.
KIT+ GIST is sometimes misdiagnosed
Symptoms of GIST resemble those of more common ailments. Because of this, and since GIST is so rare, most doctors may not immediately identify the condition.
Prognosis for KIT+ GIST: How Size and Grade Factor in
What is the prognosis after KIT+ GIST is discovered?
The prognosis for KIT+ GIST depends on a number of factors. These include the size of the tumor, its location, growth rate, the grade, and whether or not it has spread (metastasized).
Early diagnosis may help improve your prognosis
The sooner you and your doctor start with a treatment plan, the less time your GIST has to grow or spread. That's why seeing an oncologist early is a good way to develop the optimal treatment plan based on your situation.